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India
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Jaswant Singh

Foreign Minister, India 1998-2002
Defence Minister, India 2001
Finance Minister, India 1996, 2002-04

     
BIO      
 
Indonesia
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Marzuki Darusman

Attorney General, Indonesia 1999 to 2001

     
BIO      
 
Jamaica
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P.J.Patterson

Prime Minister, Jamaica 1992-2006

     
BIO      
 
Jordan
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His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal

Crown Prince of Jordan 1965 - 99

     
BIO      
 
Latvia
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Vaira Vike-Freiberga

President of Latvia, 1999 – 2007

     
BIO      
 
Mauritius
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Cassam Uteem

President, Mauritius 1992-2002

     
BIO      
 
Mexico
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Vicente Fox

President, Mexico, 2000-06

     
BIO      
 
New Zealand
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Mike Moore

Prime Minister of New Zealand 1990
Director General of the World Trade Organisation 1999-2002

     
BIO      
 
Peru
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Alvaro de Soto

UN Under-Secretary-General 1999-2007

     
BIO      
 
Philipines
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Fidel Ramos

President, Republic of the Philippines 1992-98

     
BIO      
 
Senegal
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Moustapha Niasse

Prime Minister of Senegal 1983 & 2000-01

     
BIO      
 
Rwanda
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Donald Kaberuka

Finance Minister, Rwanda, 1997-2005
President, African Development Bank 2005-2015

     
BIO      
 
South Africa
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F.W. de Klerk

President, Republic of South Africa 1989-94

     
BIO      
 
Spain
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Javier Solana

Secretary General, Council of the European Union 1999-2009
Secretary General, NATO 1995-1999
Foreign Minister, Spain 1992-1995

     
BIO      
 
Sri Lanka
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Chandrika Kumaratunga

President, Sri Lanka 1994-2005

     
BIO      
 
Malta
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Lawrence Gonzi

Prime Minister, Malta 2004-13
Minister of Finance, 2004-08
Minister of Social Policy, 1998-2004

     
BIO      
 
Algeria
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Lakhdar Brahimi

Foreign Minister, Algeria 1991-93
UN Special Adviser to the Secretary-General 2004-05

     
BIO      
 
Armenia
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Armen Sarkissian

Prime Minister, Armenia 1996-97

     
BIO      
 
Australia
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Kevin Rudd

Prime Minister of Australia, 2007-2010 and 2013
Foreign Minister,  2010-2012

Gareth Evans

Foreign Minister, Australia 1988-96
President and CEO of the International Crisis Group 2000-09

   
BIO BIO    
 
Austria
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Wolfgang Schüssel

Austria, Federal Chancellor 2000 – 2007
Foreign Minister 1995 - 2000

     
BIO      
 
Botswana
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Sir Ketumile Masire

President, Republic of Botswana 1980-1998

     
BIO      
 
Canada
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Joe Clark

Prime Minister, Canada 1979-80
Secretary of State for External Affairs 1984-1991

Louise Fréchette

UN Deputy Secretary-General, 1998 – 2006

   
BIO BIO    
 
Lebanon
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Ghassan Salamé

UN Special Advisor to Secretary-General, 2003-06
Lebanese Minister of Culture, 2000-03

     
BIO      
 
Sweden
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Carl Bildt

Prime Minister, Sweden 1991-94
Foreign Minister 2006-14
UN Special Envoy to the Balkans 1999-2001

     
BIO      
 
Switzerland
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Micheline Calmy-Rey

President of the Swiss Confederation 2007 and 2011

Pascal Couchepin

President, Swiss Confederation 2003 & 2008

Kaspar Villiger

President, Swiss Confederation 1995 & 2002

 
BIO BIO BIO  
 
Tanzania
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Salim Salim

Prime Minister of Tanzania, 1984 – 1985
Secretary-General of the OAU, 1989 – 2001

     
BIO      
 
Timor-Leste
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José Ramos-Horta

President, Timor-Leste 2007-12

Prime Minister 2006-07

     
BIO      
 
Turkey
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Hikmet Çetin

Deputy Prime Minister, Turkey, 1978-79 and 1995
Foreign Minister, 1991-94

     
BIO      
 
USA
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Chester A. Crocker

US Assistant Secretary for African Affairs 1981-89

Tom Daschle

US Senator 1987-2005
Member of the US House of Representatives 1979-1987
Majority Leader of the US Senate

Donald F. McHenry

US Ambassador to the UN 1979-81

Thomas R. Pickering

US Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs 1997-2000
US Ambassador to the UN 1989-92

BIO BIO BIO BIO
 
United Kingdom
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Catherine Ashton

Catherine Ashton

High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy 2009-14
Vice President of the European Commission 2009-14

Lynda Chalker

Minister of Overseas Development, UK 1989-97

   
BIO BIO    
 
Uruguay
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Enrique Iglesias

Foreign Minister, Uruguay, 1985-1988
President of the Inter-American Development Bank 1988-2005

     
BIO      
 
Chile
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Juan Gabriel Valdés

Minister for Foreign Affairs, Chile, 1999
Chilean Ambassador to the UN, 2000-03

     
BIO      
 
Côte d'Ivoire
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Amara Essy

Foreign Minister, Côte d'Ivoire 1990-2000
Secretary General, OAU 2001
Chairman, AU Commission 2002-3

     
BIO      
 
Egypt
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Mohamed ElBaradei

Director General,  International Atomic Energy Agency 1997-2009
Interim Vice President, Egypt 2013

     
BIO      
 
Finland
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Elisabeth Rehn

UN Under-Secretary-General, SRSG in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1998-99
UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights 1995-97
Finnish Minister of Defence 1990-95 and Equality Affairs 1991-95

     
BIO      
 
Guatemala
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Eduardo Stein

Vice President, Guatemala, 2004-08
Foreign Minister 1996-2000

     
BIO      
 

Alvaro de Soto - Biographical Information
 

UN Under-Secretary-General 1999-2007

Alvaro de Soto is a Peruvian diplomat and renowned international mediator. He led the negotiations which brought an end to the war in El Salvador; he has also served as political advisor to Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Special Envoy for Myanmar, the Special Advisor on Cyprus, and the Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process.

Mr de Soto was a member of the Peruvian delegation (1968-1982) to the third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea from its earliest preparatory stages, and was the coordinator of the Group of 77 in negotiations on the deep seabed and overall Chairman of the Group at the final session of the Conference at which the Convention was adopted.

Upon joining the UN Secretary-General's Office in 1982 he joined Mr Perez de Cuellar in his attempt to defuse the South Atlantic crisis over the Falklands/Malvinas islands.  He also mediated, as Mr. Perez de Cuellar’s personal representative for the Central American peace process, the 1991-1992 negotiations leading to the peace accords which brought to an end the decade-long war in El Salvador. This broke new ground for the UN as the Cold War drew to an end.

Alvaro de Soto participated in Mr. Boutros Ghali’s efforts concerning the former Yugoslavia, Haiti and Somalia in 1992-1994 and, from 1995 to 1999, when he was Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs, he was first Mr. Boutros Ghali’s, then Mr. Kofi Annan’s Special Envoy for Myanmar, and represented Mr. Boutros Ghali in consultations between Indonesia and Portugal concerning East Timor. Mr Annan then appointed him to lead the 1999-2004 negotiations on Cyprus that resulted in referendums on a reunification plan mainly drafted by the UN which could have led to a unified Cyprus joining the EU had the Greek Cypriots joined the Turkish Cypriots in approving it in separate, simultaneous referendums in April 2004. 

From 2003 to 2005 Alvaro do Soto was Mr. Annan’s Special Representative for Western Sahara, and his final assignment, from 2005 to 2007, was as UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and Envoy to the Middle East Quartet as well as Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General to the PLO and the Palestinian Authority.

Activity after public service

Mr. de Soto has written and published a number of articles and book chapters. He has lectured widely in the U.S., Europe, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East. He teaches conflict resolution at the Paris School of International Affairs, part of Sciences Po.  He is a Senior Fellow at the Ralph Bunche Institute. He hosts “Conversations with Alvaro de Soto,” a series of public interviews with senior mediators and negotiators at Columbia University.

Memberships and Affiliations

  • Senior Fellow, Ralph Bunche Institute, New York
  • Visiting Professor, Paris School of International Affairs, Sciences Po, Paris
  • Member, Advisory Board, Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum, New York
  • Member, Advisory Board, Center for International Conflict Resolution, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University in the City of New York
  • Member, Advisory Board, Dialogue Advisory Group, Amsterdam
  • Member, Advisory Board, International Centre for Transitional Justice, New York
  • Membre du Patronat, Institut Jean Lecanuet, Paris