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India
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Jaswant Singh

Foreign Minister, India 1998-2002
Defence Minister, India 2001
Finance Minister, India 1996, 2002-04

     
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Indonesia
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Marzuki Darusman

Attorney General, Indonesia 1999 to 2001

     
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Jamaica
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P.J.Patterson

Prime Minister, Jamaica 1992-2006

     
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Jordan
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His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal

Crown Prince of Jordan 1965 - 99

     
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Latvia
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Vaira Vike-Freiberga

President of Latvia, 1999 – 2007

     
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Mauritius
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Cassam Uteem

President, Mauritius 1992-2002

     
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Mexico
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Vicente Fox

President, Mexico, 2000-06

     
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New Zealand
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Mike Moore

Prime Minister of New Zealand 1990
Director General of the World Trade Organisation 1999-2002

     
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Peru
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Alvaro de Soto

UN Under-Secretary-General 1999-2007

     
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Philipines
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Fidel Ramos

President, Republic of the Philippines 1992-98

     
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Senegal
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Moustapha Niasse

Prime Minister of Senegal 1983 & 2000-01

     
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Rwanda
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Donald Kaberuka

Finance Minister, Rwanda, 1997-2005
President, African Development Bank 2005-2015

     
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South Africa
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F.W. de Klerk

President, Republic of South Africa 1989-94

     
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Spain
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Javier Solana

Secretary General, Council of the European Union 1999-2009
Secretary General, NATO 1995-1999
Foreign Minister, Spain 1992-1995

     
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Sri Lanka
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Chandrika Kumaratunga

President, Sri Lanka 1994-2005

     
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Malta
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Lawrence Gonzi

Prime Minister, Malta 2004-13
Minister of Finance, 2004-08
Minister of Social Policy, 1998-2004

     
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Algeria
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Lakhdar Brahimi

Foreign Minister, Algeria 1991-93
UN Special Adviser to the Secretary-General 2004-05

     
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Armenia
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Armen Sarkissian

Prime Minister, Armenia 1996-97

     
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Australia
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Kevin Rudd

Prime Minister of Australia, 2007-2010 and 2013
Foreign Minister,  2010-2012

Gareth Evans

Foreign Minister, Australia 1988-96
President and CEO of the International Crisis Group 2000-09

   
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Austria
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Wolfgang Schüssel

Austria, Federal Chancellor 2000 – 2007
Foreign Minister 1995 - 2000

     
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France
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Herve Latsous

Herve Latsous

United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations 2011 - 2017

     
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Canada
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Joe Clark

Prime Minister, Canada 1979-80
Secretary of State for External Affairs 1984-1991

Louise Fréchette

UN Deputy Secretary-General, 1998 – 2006

   
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Lebanon
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Ghassan Salamé

UN Special Advisor to Secretary-General, 2003-06
Lebanese Minister of Culture, 2000-03

     
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Sweden
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Carl Bildt

Prime Minister, Sweden 1991-94
Foreign Minister 2006-14
UN Special Envoy to the Balkans 1999-2001

     
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Switzerland
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Micheline Calmy-Rey

President of the Swiss Confederation 2007 and 2011

Pascal Couchepin

President, Swiss Confederation 2003 & 2008

Kaspar Villiger

President, Swiss Confederation 1995 & 2002

 
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Tanzania
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Salim Salim

Prime Minister of Tanzania, 1984 – 1985
Secretary-General of the OAU, 1989 – 2001

     
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Timor-Leste
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José Ramos-Horta

President, Timor-Leste 2007-12

Prime Minister 2006-07

     
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Turkey
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Hikmet Çetin

Deputy Prime Minister, Turkey, 1978-79 and 1995
Foreign Minister, 1991-94

     
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USA
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Chester A. Crocker

US Assistant Secretary for African Affairs 1981-89

Tom Daschle

US Senator 1987-2005
Member of the US House of Representatives 1979-1987
Majority Leader of the US Senate

Donald F. McHenry

US Ambassador to the UN 1979-81

Thomas R. Pickering

US Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs 1997-2000
US Ambassador to the UN 1989-92

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United Kingdom
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Catherine Ashton

Catherine Ashton

High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy 2009-14
Vice President of the European Commission 2009-14

Lynda Chalker

Minister of Overseas Development, UK 1989-97

   
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Uruguay
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Enrique Iglesias

Foreign Minister, Uruguay, 1985-1988
President of the Inter-American Development Bank 1988-2005

     
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Chile
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Juan Gabriel Valdés

Minister for Foreign Affairs, Chile, 1999
Chilean Ambassador to the UN, 2000-03

     
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Côte d'Ivoire
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Amara Essy

Foreign Minister, Côte d'Ivoire 1990-2000
Secretary General, OAU 2001
Chairman, AU Commission 2002-3

     
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Egypt
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Mohamed ElBaradei

Director General,  International Atomic Energy Agency 1997-2009
Interim Vice President, Egypt 2013

     
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Finland
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Elisabeth Rehn

UN Under-Secretary-General, SRSG in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1998-99
UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights 1995-97
Finnish Minister of Defence 1990-95 and Equality Affairs 1991-95

     
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Guatemala
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Eduardo Stein

Vice President, Guatemala, 2004-08
Foreign Minister 1996-2000

     
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Jaswant Singh - Biographical Information
 

Foreign Minister, India 1998-2002
Defence Minister, India 2001
Finance Minister, India 1996, 2002-04


 

Jaswant Singh is amongst the most respected public figures of India, having served in both Houses of India's Parliament and is the only person to have served as India’s finance minister, foreign minister and defense minister. Among his many achievement in public office, Jaswant Singh headed the Foreign and Defence Ministry simultaneously, launched the first free-trade agreement (with Sri Lanka) in South Asia’s history, initiated India’s most daring diplomatic opening to Pakistan, revitalized relations with the US, and reoriented the Indian military, abandoning its Soviet-inspired doctrines and weaponry for close ties with the West.

 

Jaswant Singh is a Rajput from Jodhpur in the Indian State of Rajasthan and was an officer in the Indian Army in the 1950s and 60s. He resigned his Commission to pursue a political career and during a long and distinguished tenure in Parliament he headed six core Ministries of the Government of India, chaired many important Committees of Parliament like Public Accounts, Estimates, Energy, and Environment and Forests and served as Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.

As Foreign Minister (1998-2002), Jaswant Singh helped to manage the national and international consequences of the nuclear tests of May, 1998, which included economic and political sanctions by the US and EU, and Pakistan's retaliatory tests. His other initiatives included the Lahore-Delhi Bus Journey in 1999, the unfreezing of relations and the launching of bilateral security dialogues with People's Republic of China and the launching of bilateral security dialogues with that country, and steering the 50-day Indo-Pak Kargil War to a successful conclusion.

As Defense Minister (2001), Jaswant Singh initiated both India’s defence modernization programme and cooperation with US. He pioneered an 'ex-Servicemen's Contributory Health Scheme', enabling veterans to benefit from hitherto unavailable medical facilities by establishing near about 300 new medical polyclinics, spread largely through rural India.

Having been appointed Minister of Finance (1996 and 2002-04) during a sudden crisis, Jaswant Singh took immediate steps to stabilize the Indian economy. His Ministry simplified taxation procedures, slashed tax rates, encouraged financial prudence and established institutions like the Competition Commission and Serious Frauds Office. Such measures greatly improved the financial climate of the country with low inflation, a strong balance of payment position, steady accumulation of foreign exchange reserves, pre-payment of high cost external debt and extremely healthy FDI and FII inflows. With faith in the Indian economy restored, Jaswant Singh forged ahead with reform-oriented legislation on fiscal management, banking and money-laundering and introduced guidelines privatizing airports, seaports and the insurance sector, helping to set up pension funds and reviving the labor intensive sectors of agriculture and textiles. Jaswant Singh also headed National Task Forces responsible for developing new policies on software, hardware, telecom and infrastructure development, all of which have greatly transformed the country.

Between 2004 and 2009 Jaswant Singh was Leader of Opposition in the  Upper Hous.

Activity after public politics

Jaswant Singh has authored twenty-three books (in English, Hindi and Dingal), of which one was translated in French. Following his best-seller "Audacity of Opinion" , he has published "India at Risk – Mistakes, Misconceptions and Misadventures", released in November 2013. He has contributed widely to Indian and foreign magazines, newspapers and journals on international affairs, security and development issues.

Jaswant Singh is heavily involved in foundations in Rajasthan which provide nutritious mid-day-meals to primary-school children, ambulances service in the desert districts of Barmer and Jaisalmer and which promote and disseminate the literature of 'Dingal', an ancient language of Rajasthan. He is also a trustee on various charities engaged in running hospitals, museums and water conservation projects.

Memberships and Associations

• Senior Fellow at Harvard
• Visiting Professor at Oxford
• Visiting Professor at Warwick
• Member of Defense Services Officers' Institute
• Member of United Services Institute
• Member of India International Centre
• Member of Institute of Defense Studies and Analyses
• Member of International Institute of Strategic Studies, London
• Member of Indian Polo Association
• Member of Equestrian Federation of India