Carl Bildt

Prime Minister, Sweden 1991-94
Foreign Minister 2006-14

 

 

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Carl Bildt - Biographical Information

Prime Minister, Sweden 1991-94
Foreign Minister 2006-14
UN Special Envoy to the Balkans 1999-2001



Carl Bildt previously served as both Prime Minister (1991-1994) and Foreign Minister (2006-2014) of Sweden.  A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Co-Chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference. He is Chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Europe.

Public Office

Carl Bildt became a Member of Parliament in 1979. He was elected leader of the Moderate Party in 1986 which, through a four-pary coalition, went on to defeat the Social Democrats in 1991. 

As Sweden's first conservative prime minister in 61 years, Bildt led a government focused on liberalizing and reforming the economy and making Sweden a member of the European Union. Bildt signed the accession treaty at the European Union summit of Corfu on 23 June 1994 and economic reforms were enacted, including the introduction of voucher schools, the liberalization of markets for telecommunications and energy sectors and the privatisation of health care and publicly-owned companies. This reform period in the early and mid-1990's is generally seen as having pave the way for the successful growth decades that followed.

However in the 1994 elections Bildt's Moderate Party made only a slight gain with the Social Democrats gaining slightly more ground.  Carl Bildt was therefore unseated after only one term and he served as leader of the opposition until 1999, when he was succeeded as party leader by Bo Lundgren.

Returning to government in 2006-14, Carl Bildt became one of the most prominent and vocal of European foreign ministers during those years.  He was one of the initiators of EU:s Eastern Partnership, and pushed for a new European Global Strategy.


Activity after public life

After stepping down as leader of the Moderate Party of Sweden in 1999 and leaving Parliament in 2000, Carl Bildt represented the EU and UN in the Balkans, co-chairing the Dayton Peace Talks on Bosnia and becoming the first High Representative in the country. Later, he was the Special Envoy of UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to the region.

He has also worked on corporate boards in Sweden and the US as well as different international think-tanks such as the International Crisis Group.

Carl Bildt was an early advocate of the new ICT technologies. An 1994 email exchange between him and President Clinton was the first between heads of state/governments and he has continued to push for the use of social media in international diplomacy.

Memberships & Affiliations

  • Chair of Global Commission on Internet Governance
  • Chair of the World Economic Forum Global Action Council on Europe
  • Co-chair of the European Council of Foreign Relations
  • Trustee of the International Crisis Group
  • Trustee of the RAND Corporation USA
  • Senior Advisor to the Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden