• FW de Klerk

    President of South Africa 1989-94
    President De Klerk initiated and co-managed the process that abolished apartheid and culminated in South Africa’s non-racial constitutional democracy in 1994. Since retiring from politics in 1997 he has supported reconciliation and constitutional governance in South Africa and throughout the world. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

    Joe Clark

    Prime Minister of Canada 1979-80
    At 39, Joe Clark was elected Canada’s youngest Prime Minister. Later, as Foreign Minister, he drove Canada’s active roles in the Americas, Asia, Africa, NATO, and the Commonwealth campaign against apartheid. He led complex Canadian constitutional negotiations, securing unanimous agreement among provinces, territories and Aboriginals.

    HRH Prince El-Hassan bin Talal

    HRH is founder of the West Asia - North Africa (WANA) Forum, Chairman of the Arab Thought Forum and an internationally recognised leader in the fields of interfaith, education and water and energy issues. Between 1965 and 1999 HRH was Crown Prince of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

    Abdul Karim al-Eryani

    Prime Minister of Yemen 1980-83 & 1998-2001
    One of Yemen’s most experienced politicians, Abdul Karim al-Eryani was twice Prime Minister of Yemen and is known for his crucial role in developing the North’s political strategy before and during the civil war.

    Lakhdar Brahimi

    UN Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General
    One of the most widely respected international diplomats, Lakdhar Brahimi, a former Foreign Minister of Algeria, served as Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General as well as the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to Afghanistan, Iraq, South Africa and Haiti.

    Hikmet Çetin

    Deputy Prime Minister, Turkey, 1978-79 and 1995
    Foreign Minister, 1991-94
    A former minister of foreign affairs, Hikmet Çetin  was twice Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey, leader of the Republican People's Party and also served as the Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. He has served as the NATO Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan.

    Lynda Chalker

    UK Minister for Overseas Development 1989-97
    A long-serving Member of the British Parliament, Lynda Chalker served as Minister for Overseas Development, and Minister for Africa and the Commonwealth for over 11 years. She is also a Founder Trustee of the Investment Climate Facility for Africa.
  • Pascal Couchepin

    President of the Confederation of Switzerland
    2003 & 2008
    Pascal Couchepin twice served as President of the Swiss Federal Council (President of the Confederation). During his eleven years in government, he served as Minister of the Economy and then Minister of Home Affairs, covering social welfare, science and education.

    Chester A. Crocker

    US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs
    As US Assistant Secretary of State, Chester Crocker led the diplomacy that produced the peace treaties signed by Angola, Cuba, and South Africa in 1988. These agreements resulted in Namibia’s independence and the withdrawal of foreign forces from Southern Africa. He chaired the US Institute of Peace Board from 1992 to 2004.

    Marzuki Darusman

    Attorney General, Indonesia 1999- 2001
    A veteran human rights campaigner, Marzuki Darusman was Attorney General under Indonesia’s first democratically elected government and pursued the prosecution of many cases of corruption, mass murder, and human rights abuses that symbolized the inequities of the three-decade rule of Suharto.

    Tom Daschle

    US Senator 1987-2005
    Member of the US House of Representatives 1979-1987
    Majority Leader of the US Senate
    One of the longest serving Senate Democratic leaders in US history and the only one to serve twice as both Majority and Minority Leader, Tom Daschle helped to navigate the Senate through some of its most historic economic and national security challenges.

    Álvaro de Soto

    UN Under-Secretary-General 1999-2007
    During his 25 years at the UN, Álvaro de Soto mediated the 1992 peace accords ending the 10-year war in El Salvador; prepared the first-ever comprehensive plan for a settlement in Cyprus in 2004; and was the chief Middle East envoy from 2005 to 2007.

    Amara Essy

    Foreign Minister, Côte d'Ivoire 1990-99
    Secretary General, OAU 2001
    Chairman, AU Commission 2002-3
    A long-serving diplomat, Amara Essy served his country as Foreign Minister before his appointment as Secretary General of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then Chairman of the Commission of the African Union (AU).

    Gareth Evans

    Foreign Minister of Australia 1988–96
    Gareth Evans was a Cabinet Minister in Australian Labor governments for thirteen years, including Foreign Minister 1988-96, and President of the International Crisis Group from 2000-2009. He has played prominent international roles on nuclear issues and developoing the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ principle.
  • Vicente Fox

    President, Mexico 2000-06
    As President of Mexico, Vicente Fox took steps to improve the Mexican economy through banking reforms, tackling crime and corruption and improving trade relations with the US. He also sought to combat drug trafficking and illegal immigration while working to strengthen the rights of Mexico’s indigenous peoples.

    Louise Fréchette

    UN Deputy Secretary General 1998-2006
    A long-time Canadian diplomat, Louise Fréchette became the first Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations for eight years. During this time she assisted the Secretary-General in the full range of his responsibilities.

    Enrique Iglesias

    Foreign Minister of Uruguay 1985-1988
    A former Foreign Minister of Uruguay, Enrique Iglesias also served as the President of the Inter-American Development Bank for 17 years, during which time he increased the institution’s resources and expanded its activities to become the leading institution for multilateral development financing for Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Chandrika Kumaratunga

    President, Sri Lanka 1994-2005
    As President of Sri Lanka Chandrika Kumaratunga  oversaw the privatization of many state enterprises, the enactment of laws to tackle state corruption and the pursuit of a free market economy with a human face. She also tried to move relations with the Tamil Tigers from confrontation to negotiated peace.

    Ketumile Masire

    President of Botswana 1980-1998
    Ketumile Masire was Botswana’s second President and served for 18 years. A leading figure in his country’s independence movement and then in the new government, Sir Ketumile played a crucial role in facilitating and protecting Botswana’s steady financial growth and development.

    Donald F. McHenry

    US Ambassador to the United Nations 1979-81
    A long-serving diplomat, Donald F. McHenry served as US Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations and represented his country in a number of international fora, including leading the US negotiations on the question of Namibia.

    António Mascarenhas Monteiro

    President of Cape Verde 1991-2001
    António Monteiro was the first democratically elected President of the Republic of Cape Verde, having served two terms. Prior to his election, he was President of the Supreme Court and led several international delegations, including one to the OAU Conference that drafted the African Charter on Human Rights.
  • PJ Patterson

    Prime Minister of Jamaica 1992-2006
    PJ Patterson was Prime Minister of Jamaica for 14 years. His policies of
    economic liberalization and free-market reforms during a time of economic difficulty for Jamaica attracted substantial foreign direct investment. He vastly improved the physical infrastructure and initiated programmes for social transformation.

    Thomas R. Pickering

    US Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs
    Thomas R. Pickering served as US Ambassador to Russia, India, Israel, El Salvador, Nigeria and Jordan, and also as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. As US Representative to the United Nations during the First Gulf War, he played a lead role in the UN Security Council’s response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.

    José Ramos-Horta

    President,Timor-Leste 2007-12
    Prime Minister 2006-07
    José Manuel Ramos-Horta was President of Timor Leste from 2007 to 2012, having previously served as Prime Minister and Foreign Minister. He was the exiled spokesman for the East Timorese resistance during the years of the Indonesian occupation (1975 to 1999). He is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and is currently the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative in Guinea-Bissau.

    Fidel Valdez Ramos

    President of the Philippines 1992-98
    As President of the Philippines, Fidel Ramos’s policies and programmes to foster national reconciliation and unity led to major peace agreements with Muslim separatists, communist insurgents and military rebels, which renewed investor confidence in the Philippines economy.

    Elisabeth Rehn

    UN Under-Secretary-General 1998-99
    Finland's Elisabeth Rehn was the world's first female Minister of Defence and later served as the UN Under-Secretary-General in Bosnia and Herzegovina.  Her engagement for the situation of women in war is well documented and together with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, is the co-author of the UN-Report "Women War Peace”.

    Michel Rocard

    Prime Minister of France 1988-91
    As Prime Minister under François Mitterrand, Michel Rocard created the Revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI), a social minimum welfare program for indigents, and led the Matignon Accords regarding the status of New Caledonia.

    Ghassan Salamé

    UN Special Advisor to Secretary-General, 2003-06
    Lebanese Minister of Culture, 2000-03
    After serving as Lebanese Minister of Culture, Ghassam Salamé was appointed Senior Advisor to the UN Secretary-General, serving also as Political Advisor to the UN Mission in Iraq.  An expert in international relations, he is one of the most respected actors and observers of conflict resolution and Middle East politics.
  • Salim Ahmed Salim

    Prime Minister of Tanzania 1984–1985
    One of Africa’s most senior diplomats and statesmen, Dr Salim served as Prime Minister of Tanzania, Secretary General of the OAU, President of the UN Security Council in 1976 and of the General Assembly in 1979. He recently served as the African Union’s Special Envoy for Darfur.

    Jaswant Singh

    Foreign Minister, India 1998-2002
    Defence Minister, India 2001
    Finance Minister, India 1996 and  2002-04
    The only person to have served as India’s finance minister, foreign minister and defence minister, Jaswant Singh is widely respected for having launched the first free-trade agreement in South Asia’s history, initiated India’s diplomatic opening to Pakistan and reorienting the Indian military with closer ties with the West.

    Javier Solana

    Secretary General of the Council
    of the European Union 1999-2009
    Best known for his role as Secretary General of the Council of the European Union, Dr. Solana was previously the NATO Secretary General during the Kosovo War, and Foreign Minister of Spain, in which role he chaired the Barcelona Conference, which sought to foster cultural and economic unity in the Mediterranean region.

    Eduardo Stein

    Vice President, Guatemala, 2004-08
    Foreign Minister 1996-2000
    Prior to his appointment as Vice President, Eduardo Stein served as Guatemala’s Foreign Minister during the country’s peace negotiations and was also involved in the Esquipulas peace process in Central America and the San José Dialogue between Central America and the European Union.

    Cassam Uteem

    President of Mauritius 1992-2002
    Cassam Uteem served as President of Mauritius for ten years and is known for having relentlessly promoted his country's "Unity in Diversity" policies which succeeded in establishing nationak unity and a stable inclusive democracy in a multi-ethnic, multi-religious society.

    Vaira Vike-Freiberga

    President of Latvia 1999-2007
    As President of the Republic of Latvia for eight years, Vaira Vike-Freiberga was instrumental in Latvia achieving membership in the European Union and NATO.

    Kaspar Villiger

    President of the Confederation of Switzerland
    1995 & 2002
    Before serving as the President of the Swiss Federal Council (President of the Confederation), Kaspar Villiger headed the Federal Military Department and the Federal Department of Finance. He was until recently Chairman of the Board of Directors of UBS AG.

Javier Solana - Biographical Information

Secretary General, Council of the European Union 1999-2009
Secretary General, NATO 1995-1999
Foreign Minister, Spain 1992-1995

In national politics, Dr. Solana served in Felipe Gonzalez's successive governments from 1982 to 1995, holding the portfolio of Minister for Foreign Affairs from July 1992 to December 1995.

In the international sphere, Dr. Solana was appointed Secretary General of NATO on 5 December 1995. During his mandate, which coincided with a significant phase in European history, NATO went through a crucial stage in its development. It despatched a peace-keeping force, under a United Nations mandate, to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It also negotiated and signed the Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between NATO and the Russia Federation which opened the way to a new co-operation and consultation partnership between Western Europe and Russia.

In 1997 Dr. Solana chaired the NATO Summit in Madrid at which the Alliance invited the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to begin talks on joining the Alliance, thus opening NATO's doors to the East and helping to transform the political map of Europe.

In the European Union, Dr. Solana was appointed Secretary General of the Council of the EU and the first High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) in June 1999 and officially took office on 18 October 1999. A month later he was also appointed Secretary General of the Western European Union (WEU). In June 2004, the European Council renewed his mandate as High Representative for a second term until 2009.

Dr. Solana has received decorations from various countries, and has been awarded the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa by different universities worldwide. He is Senior Visiting professor at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an Honorary Degree in December 2010.

Memberships and Associations

  • President of the Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics at ESADE (Barcelona - Madrid)
  • Honorary President of the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue
  • Board Member of International Crisis Group
  • Distinguished Senior Fellow in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution
  • Fisher Family Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School
  • Chairman of the Aspen Institute España
  • Board Member of Human Rights Watch
  • Board Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations
  • Senior Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics Global Governance